“Tradition, Democracy and Philosophy”
When we consider the current discussions democracy is confronted as a concept on which many people think, speak and written every day. However we are aware that while being discussed, the concept is separated from its context and is left without content. Another concept which is either being used with the concept of democracy or is used in some cases to emphasize some other thing is tradition. It is seen that many of the things included in the concept of tradition seem to be unrelated. We encounter utterances as “Democracy culture”, “trivet of democracy”, “there is no such thing in our tradition”, “things deriving from our tradition” and “we should discuss the right way to follow from tradition to future”. But it is a pity that we do not come to terms with these. Such a settlement of account cannot be made with everyday discussions. The account can only be made by deriving into its essence, something which only philosophy can handle. Philosophy should be involved in this duty. Now it is time to ask the question that was forgotten lately. What is tradition? What is democracy? Only with such questioning, one can have knowledge of the concepts of tradition and democracy and the thing acquired with these concepts. But instead of reaching down to the essence of the concepts and thinking on the whatness of the concepts, revolving around the topic and delude by using the art of rhetoric. However thanks to the light of philosophy the concepts are enlightened and grounded firmly.
On the other hand for the development of the idea of democracy, culture’s reaching the level of maturity is necessary. This is only possible with an improvement of awareness. This awareness is only made possible by the spread of philosophical look and philosophy’s penetration into life itself. Thus a philosophical look on the subjects of tradition and democracy has become essential. This congress is organized to contribute to the formation of such look.
When the relations among tradition, democracy and philosophy are considered, these questions are to be discussed: What does tradition mean? What kind of a relation exists between history and tradition? What kind of a relation exists between tradition and culture? What can we get from tradition? How can philosophical tradition be made possible? How can a connection be made between tradition and religion? What does democracy mean? What can we say about the relation between tradition and democracy? Can we abandon democracy? What kind of a relation exists between democracy and secularism? Is there an alternative for democracy? How should the relation between democracy and law be? Where does the expression of “state of law” exist within democracy? What can be said about the relation between democracy and philosophy? What kind of an analysis can be made about the subject of rulership? How should the relation among foundations in a democracy be? What is the role of art in the formation of democracy culture? What facilities does utopia present for the settlement of democracy?
We have considered it appropriate to organize the congress entitled “Tradition, Democracy and Philosophy” in order to try to settle with these questions and to present new and various views on the concepts of tradition and democracy.